CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.
Between 54-87% of retail CFD accounts lose money. Based on 69 brokers who display this data. *Availability subject to regulation.
The word ‘coffee’ is Ethiopian in origin, named after the province of Kaffa. According to the British Coffee Association, coffee is the most popular drink in the world, and each day around 2 billion cups are consumed. Naturally, it is therefore one of the most popular commodities for trading.
Coffee is one of the main exports from several developing countries: More than 90% of the world’s coffee supply comes from developing countries, particularly in the South American region.
Brazil is by far the largest coffee producer in the world and about one-third of the world’s coffee comes from Brazil alone. In 2016, Brazil produced around 3.3 billion kilograms of coffee. More than 5 million people work on the cultivation and harvesting of about 3 billion coffee plants in Brazil. The next highest coffee producing country, Vietnam, produced 1.5 billion – less than half the output of Brazil (statista). Other major coffee producing countries include Indonesia, Colombia, and Ethiopia.
Countries that consume the most coffee include the Netherlands and Finland.
Brazil and Vietnam collectively account for almost half of the world’s coffee production. Any political instability in these countries can result in a decrease in supply, leading to a significant increase in price.
Climate factors can also have a major influence on the price of coffee as it is extremely sensitive to climate changes. Coffee requires adequate amounts of both rain and sunlight at the right times in order to thrive. When these conditions are not properly met, the farm output can gradually decrease, consequently bringing about a decrease in supply and increase in the price.
Coffee price is also heavily influenced by market activities as it is one of the most highly traded commodities. An increase in the trading activities of coffee can bring about a surge in the price, signaling that the demand of coffee is increasing.
Coffee can be traded through various financial instruments, including CFDs and futures contracts.
The futures contracts for coffee can be traded at Multi Commodity Exchange (MCX), Brazilian Mercantile and Futures Exchange (BM&F), Kansai Commodities Exchange (KEX), NYSE Euronext, and Intercontinental Exchange (ICE). A futures contract is dated and reads something like “Coffee September 2017”.
Coffee falls into two main types; Robusta and Arabica. London International Financial Futures and Options Exchange offers futures contracts for Robusta coffee and since 2007, New York Intercontinental Exchange has been offering them as well. Futures contracts for Arabica are traded on the New York Mercantile Exchange.
With CFDs, the trader takes a position depending on whether they believe the price of coffee will fall or rise before the expiration of the CFD contract. The contracts can be based on the price of futures. For example, Plus500 offer a CFD based on the Coffee C Futures contract from ICE. This is the benchmark for Arabica coffee and the contract trades on the ticker symbol of KC, with a trading screen hub name of NYCC. Settlement of the futures contract is physical delivery, whereas the CFD is settled in cash upon termination of the contract. If the price moves against the trader, they are required to pay the broker (Plus500 in this instance) and if it moves in favour of the trader, Plus500 are required to settle the difference.
Coffee is also traded as a commodity in exchange-traded funds (ETFs).