CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.
Between 54-87% of retail CFD accounts lose money. Based on 69 brokers who display this data. *Availability subject to regulation.
Ripple (or XRP) is the native digital asset of a funds transfer system built around the Ripple Transaction Protocol (RTXP). This open-source web protocol provides a cost-efficient method for value to be exchanged between parties around the globe in real-time. It is used by banks and other institutions requiring on-demand liquidity and making cross-border payments, as well as market makers. The concept was originally formed by Ryan Fugger in 2004, and developed by the Corporation, OpenCoin, in 2012, who rebranded as Ripple in 2015.
The Ripple protocol relies on a distributed database or ledger, which contains account balances and details of offers to trade currencies and assets. Independent servers from verified institutions compare transaction records and maintain the ledger by consensus. This contrasts to the mining process used by bitcoin and some other cryptocurrencies. XRP acts as a bridge currency, allowing currency pairs to be traded when there is no direct exchange available; and is an asset which, like other assets, can be traded.
XRP is available from many exchanges. Some consumers are reluctant to use exchanges after the Mt. Gox liquidation in 2014. This was a bitcoin exchange that filed for bankruptcy after the theft of 850,000 bitcoins. At the time, this represented 7 percent of all bitcoins, with a total worth of US$ 473 million. Regulation of exchanges in many countries is still under development. As a result, funds held on exchange platforms may be subject to loss if the platform fails.
In contrast, strict requirements are placed upon regulated brokers. to protect consumers. Companies such as AvaTrade, therefore, offer clients a more secure trading environment. In the UK, the Financial Conduct Authority regulates brokers and AvaTrade has European Economic Area authorisation, recognised by the FCA. Requirements for brokers include high accounting standards and the maintenance of sufficient operating capital. Client funds are also kept in separate accounts, sequestered from business funds.
Trading through exchanges can also affect market price. Brokers are able to trade outside the market by matching buyers and sellers. This allows traders to buy assets, such as XRP, without influencing prices.
Increasing numbers of institutions use the Ripple protocol. Last year, Ripple partnered with a Japanese consortium of banks to create a payment network. In September 2016, Ripple announced another interbank group, the Global Payments Steering Group, for global payments. It includes Bank of America, Merrill Lynch and other big names. More recently, in April 2017, Ripple announced that ten additional financial institutions have joined their network. Ripple partners include the likes of CIBC, Deloitte, Earthport, Mizuho, Santander and Standard Chartered.
XRP is one of the largest cryptocurrencies in the world, after bitcoin, Ethereum and Dash. XRP were all created in a single event and there is a fixed number of 100 billion. Ripple, the company, owns about 61 percent of XRP. Traders have voiced concerns that Ripple may flood the market with XRP. In response, Ripple CEO Brad Garlinghouse announced that 55 billion XRP will be put into escrow during 2017.
On June 8, 2017 the price of XRP was US$ 0.2953 and the total market capitalisation was US$ 11 billion. XRP has increased 4,500 percent since January 1, 2017, when it opened at US$ 0.006523 and BTC 0.00000677.
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